TYPES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE CORRECT INSTALLATION OF AIR CONDITIONING
Hot weather is here, and plans to stay. We have just recorded the hottest June in Europe in history. And of course, many of us, again, got caught without air conditioning at home.
There are different types of air conditioning, and before rushing to buy one we must know which fits us the best
But how does the air conditioning work? It is governed by the principles of thermodynamics using a process of cooling and thus achieve the change of temperature between one space and another. The process extracts the heat to produce cold air, basically transport heat from one place to another. So, in the place that subtracts heat, it cools down. We can produce this process through two systems: compression cooling or absorption cooling.
Once we know how it works, we must know the different types that we can find in the market, the most used are:
Air conditioning by split: It is the most used at homes. A compressor is installed outside the house and the Split on the wall, we can also install it in out indoors ceilings, but the in called Cassette air conditioning
Packaged Air conditioning: It has a centralized system embedded in false ceilings, it is widely used in commercial premises or in more modern buildings that already come with the installation made. The distribution of cold air is carried out through concealed ducts also in the false ceiling that end in strategically placed and adjustable grids in each room.
Portable air conditioning: This type of equipment does not require installation at all, it does not have a compressor and it expels the hot air through a tube that we can manually place in our window or balcony.
Once we know a few types of air conditioner, another fact we must know is the regulations of each Town Hall for the right installation of the condensers. According to Valencia’s Town Hall the regulations are:
TO VERIFY THAT THE INSTALLATION OF AIR CONDITIONING IN THE BUILDING IS CORRECT, AND MEETS THE REQUIREMENTS ESTABLISHED IN THE MUNICIPAL ORDINANCE OF PROTECTION AGAINST ACOUSTIC POLLUTION, WE HAVE TO VERIFY THAT:
– The anchoring points of the machine with the structure of the building, must be separated by an elastic element (rubber material), in this way we will prevent any noise or vibration going inside the houses.
– The surface where these machines are going to be placed must be large enough for the number of flats in the building.
– Any neighbor must be able to access the place where this installation is made, to make his own.
– The external units cannot be installed in the indoors patios or courtyards.
To perform the installation of the air conditioning machinery, previously we must:
– An acoustic study will have to be presented, consisting of a report in which the number of machines that are expected to be in operation is mentioned and, in in case the neighbors find it annoying, which solution will be taken to avoid it.
– Any installation made in community roofs, will have to have an Acoustic Study, to which it is guarante that the installation complies with the noise levels foreseen in the Ordinance.
Any professional we hire must tell us whether or not we breaking the rules because an improperly installed condenser can lead us to some trouble with our neighbors and the consequent removal of the machine.